What are designers doing, thinking, and feeling when they do design?
How can we improve their performance?
Early mistakes (1984 - 1990):
Premature focus on computational tools instead of communication tools.
Exclusive focus on the individual instead of the individual and the team.
Failure to investigate differences between analysis thinking and synthesis thinking.
Current areas of research:
Design documentation and information reuse:
- Electronic notebooks
Social and cognitive aspects of design:
- Information handling behavior
- Question asking
- Individual differences
- Team diversity and composition
- Motivation and attention
- Hardware manipulation
Distributed team design:
- Physical and virtual spaces
Cross disciplinary and cross functional design
- Design thinking: synthesis and analysis
Management of design teams
- Innovation management
- Computational simulation
Focus on early stage conceptual design.
Focus on teams.
Focus on realistic situations.
Development of tools and methods to improve the process.